Applying for asylum in Spain: requirements and procedure for the first appointment

Applying for asylum in Spain may seem like a daunting process, but it doesn’t have to be. This article will provide clear and precise information about the necessary requirements for the application and the steps to follow during the initial appointment.

What is asylum, and who can apply for it?

Asylum is a right that can be sought by anyone who faces persecution in their country of origin based on their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.

Requirements for applying for asylum in Spain

To apply for asylum in Spain, it is necessary to submit the application in person and be physically present in the country. Additionally, clear and convincing evidence of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution in the country of origin must be provided. Here are the specific requirements that must be met to apply for asylum in the country:

  • Proof of identity: The applicant must present a valid identification document, such as a passport or identity card. If you do not have an identification document, you can submit any other document that verifies your identity and nationality.
  • Proof of persecution or fear of persecution: This is the most crucial requirement for seeking asylum. The applicant must provide clear and convincing evidence that they have suffered persecution or have a well-founded fear of being persecuted in their country of origin. This may include personal testimonies, news reports, human rights reports, etc.
  • Application within a reasonable timeframe: It is important to apply for asylum as soon as possible after arriving in Spain. If you wait too long to submit your application, it could be seen as a sign that you do not require international protection.

Procedure for the First Appointment to Apply for Asylum

The first appointment to apply for asylum is crucial. During this appointment, the applicant meets with an official from the Ministry of the Interior to submit their asylum application. It is important to be well-prepared and have all the necessary documents on hand. Here are the specific steps to follow during this appointment:

  • Preparation of the application: Before the appointment, it is essential to prepare your asylum application. This includes gathering all the necessary evidence to demonstrate that you have suffered persecution or have a well-founded fear of persecution.
  • Interview with an official: During the appointment, an interview will be conducted with an official from the Ministry of the Interior. The applicant must answer all questions honestly and provide as much detail as possible.
  • Presentation of evidence: During the appointment, the applicant will have the opportunity to present their evidence of persecution or fear of persecution. It is important to present all available evidence, even if some of it may seem less significant.
  • Review of the application: After the appointment, the asylum application will be reviewed by the competent authorities. If the application is approved, the applicant will receive a red card, which allows them to reside in Spain while their asylum application is being processed.

The White Sheet and its Importance in the Asylum Procedure

The white sheet is the document received after applying for asylum at the police station or the border. This document certifies that the applicant has requested international protection and allows them to reside in Spain while their application is being processed.

The Red Card in the Asylum Procedure

The red card is a document issued after the first interview with an official from the Ministry of the Interior. This card enables the asylum seeker to reside and work in Spain if their application is not resolved within six months.

The Renewal Process of the Red Card

The red card is initially issued for a period of six months but can be renewed if the asylum application is still pending. To renew the red card, it is necessary to visit the asylum and refuge office.


The asylum application process in Spain involves several steps and requirements. However, with the right information and proper preparation, it can be a manageable process. At Orience, we are committed to assisting you in navigating this process and providing the necessary support at every stage.

Frequently Asked Questions About Asylum in Spain

How long does the asylum application process take in Spain?

The time it takes for the asylum application process can vary depending on the individual case. However, generally, a decision is expected to be made within six months.

What happens if the asylum application is denied?

If the asylum application is denied, the decision can be appealed to the Spanish courts. If the appeal is also denied, the applicant may be required to return to their country of origin.