Everything you need to know about the Biometric Passport

Introduction to the biometric passport

The biometric passport is an identity and travel document that uses advanced technology to enhance security and facilitate transit at border controls. This type of passport contains biometric information of the holder, such as fingerprints, facial photograph and, in some cases, iris scans.

Features and benefits of the biometric passport

Better security

One of the main advantages of the biometric passport is its level of security. The incorporation of biometric data makes it virtually impossible to forge or tamper with the document. In addition, the use of biometric data reading and verification technology significantly reduces the risk of identity theft.

Facilitation of immigration procedures

The use of biometric passports speeds up transit at border controls, as verification of the holder’s identity is much faster and more accurate. Automated biometric passport reading systems have been installed in many airports, reducing waiting times and speeding up immigration procedures.

Compliance with international standards

The biometric passport complies with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards, ensuring its acceptance in virtually every country in the world.

How to obtain a biometric passport?

Required Documentation

To apply for a biometric passport, the following documents are required:

  • Current National Identity Document (DNI).
  • Two recent color photographs, passport size, with a white background.
  • Proof of payment of the corresponding fee.

Application Process

The process to obtain a biometric passport consists of the following steps:

  • Request an appointment at your local passport issuing office.
  • Go to the appointment with the required documentation.
  • During the appointment, your biometric data (fingerprints and facial photograph) will be taken.
  • Pay the corresponding fee.
  • Collect the passport at the issuing office on the indicated date.

Validity and renewal of the biometric passport

The biometric passport is valid for 10 years for adults and 5 years for minors. The renewal of the biometric passport follows the same process as the initial application, but it is necessary to present the previous passport.

Technologies used in biometric passports

RFID chip

The biometric passport has a radio frequency chip (RFID) that stores the holder’s personal and biometric information. This chip allows data to be read by RFID reading devices at border control points.

Cryptography and digital signatures

The information stored in the RFID chip is protected using encryption techniques and digital signatures. This ensures that the data cannot be altered or read by unauthorized persons.


The e-Passport symbol, which appears on the cover of biometric passports, indicates that the document has an RFID chip and complies with international security standards.

Implications in the protection of personal data

The storage and processing of biometric data in passports raises some concerns regarding the protection of personal data. However, the security measures used in the biometric passport, such as cryptography and digital signatures, guarantee the privacy and safety of the holder’s information.

In addition, the authorities in charge of issuing and controlling passports are subject to strict data protection regulations that ensure the proper and responsible use of personal and biometric information.


The biometric passport is a significant advance in the security and facilitation of immigration procedures worldwide. Its use of technologies such as the RFID chip, cryptography and digital signatures ensure the authenticity and protection of the holder’s personal and biometric information.

To obtain a biometric passport, it is necessary to make an appointment at the corresponding issuing office and present the required documentation. The validity of the biometric passport is 10 years for adults and 5 years for minors, and its renewal follows the same process as the initial application.

Frequently asked questions about the biometric passport in Spain

How much does a biometric passport cost in Spain?

The cost of a biometric passport in Spain varies depending on the age of the applicant and other factors. Currently, the price for an adult is approximately 30 euros, while for minors the cost may be lower. It is important to check the updated prices on the official website of the Ministry of the Interior or at the corresponding passport issuance office.

Do I need a biometric passport to travel to the United States or Canada?

Yes, to enter the United States or Canada, Spanish citizens need a biometric passport that meets the requirements of the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) in the case of the United States, and with the Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) for Canada. These programs allow citizens of certain countries to travel without a visa, as long as they meet established requirements, including the use of a biometric passport.

Can I renew my biometric passport online?

Currently, it is not possible to renew the biometric passport online in Spain. The renewal of the biometric passport requires the applicant’s presence at the issuing office to collect the biometric data and verify the documentation. You must request a prior appointment and go to the passport issuance office on the agreed date and time.

How long does it take to issue a biometric passport?

The issuance time of a biometric passport in Spain can vary according to demand and the time of year. However, the process generally takes between 1 and 2 weeks. It is advisable to request the passport well in advance of the travel date to avoid inconveniences.

What to do if my biometric passport is lost or stolen?

If your biometric passport is lost or stolen, it is important to report the incident to the police immediately. In addition, you must contact the passport issuance office and request an appointment for the issuance of a new passport. You may need to present the police report and other documents at the issuing office to obtain a new biometric passport.

Can I travel if my biometric passport is about to expire?

The validity of the passport required to travel varies depending on the country of destination. Some countries require that the passport be valid for at least 6 months from the date of entry. It is important to check the requirements of each country before traveling and renew the biometric passport if necessary.