D1 visa: Complete guide for the subordinate worker in Portugal

Introduction to the D1 Visa

The D1 visa is one of the residence visa categories that allows foreign citizens to work in Portugal as subordinate employees. This visa is specific for those who have a formal job offer and employment contract with a company established in Portugal.

Requirements to Obtain the D1 Visa

To apply for the D1 visa, it is necessary to meet the following requirements:

  • Have a formal job offer and employment contract with a Portuguese company.
  • Have a valid passport with a minimum validity of three months after the visa expiration date.
  • Certificate of criminal record from the home country and any other countries where you have resided in the last five years.
  • Proof of accommodation in Portugal.
  • Evidence of financial solvency through documents showing sufficient income to support yourself during the visa validity period.
  • International health insurance with coverage in Portugal, valid for the duration of the visa.

D1 Visa Application Process

The D1 visa application process consists of the following steps:

  • Document Collection: Gather all required documents for the visa application, as per the previously mentioned requirements list.
  • Submit the Application: Submit the application online through the Visa Portal of the Immigration and Borders Service (SEF) of Portugal or at the Portuguese embassy or consulate in your country of residence.
  • Payment of Fees: Pay the corresponding fees for the D1 visa. These fees may vary depending on nationality and visa duration.
  • Interview and Fingerprinting: Attend the Portuguese embassy or consulate to undergo an interview and provide your fingerprints.
  • Wait for a Response: You will receive a response regarding the approval or denial of your application within 30 to 60 days.

Processing Time and Fees

The processing time for the D1 visa can vary between 30 and 60 days, depending on the Portuguese embassy or consulate and the volume of applications received. As for the costs, these may vary depending on nationality and visa duration. In general, fees for the D1 visa range from 60 to 120 euros.

Rights and Obligations of Subordinate Workers in Portugal

As a holder of the D1 visa, the subordinate worker has rights and obligations in Portugal:


  • Access to the Portuguese labor market as a subordinate employee.
  • Possibility to apply for family reunification, if requirements are met.
  • Access to healthcare and other public services on similar terms as Portuguese citizens.
  • Possibility to apply for permanent residency and Portuguese citizenship after meeting the established requirements and timelines.


  • Respect Portuguese laws and regulations.
  • Maintain a valid subordinate employment with a Portuguese company.
  • Not engage in unauthorized activities by the visa.
  • Inform authorities of any changes in employment or personal situation, such as change of employer or residential address.
  • Renew the visa before its expiration.

Renewal and Change of the D1 Visa

The D1 visa is valid for one year and can be renewed for periods of two years, up to a maximum of five years. To renew the visa, it is necessary to submit an application before the expiration date and meet the established requirements, such as maintaining valid subordinate employment.
If the D1 visa holder wishes to change to another type of visa, such as a self-employed or investment work visa, they must submit a new application and meet the specific requirements of that visa type.


The D1 visa is an attractive option for foreign citizens wishing to work in Portugal as subordinate employees. By meeting the requirements and following the application process, it is possible to obtain this visa and access the job opportunities and benefits that Portugal offers. Additionally, the D1 visa can be renewed and eventually lead to permanent residency and Portuguese citizenship.