Taxes on Investment and Golden Visa: A Complete Guide


Investing in real estate and obtaining the Golden Visa are attractive routes for many international investors seeking secure returns and global mobility. However, an essential and sometimes confusing part of this process is taxation. For those looking to expand internationally, understanding tax laws is crucial to protect their investments and comply with all legal obligations. In this guide provided by, we will clear up your doubts about the tax aspects related to real estate investment and the Golden Visa.

Basic Taxes in Real Estate Investment

Real estate investment is usually accompanied by different taxes, which vary depending on the country in which the investment is made:

  • Property Transfer Tax (ITP): This tax is applied when you acquire a second-hand property. The rate varies depending on the country and, sometimes, the region within that country.
  • Value Added Tax (VAT): If you purchase a new property, instead of ITP, you will be charged VAT. Like ITP, the VAT rate can vary.
  • Property Tax (IBI): This is an annual tax that levies the ownership of a property. It is calculated based on the cadastral value of the property and can vary by municipality.
  • Non-Resident Income Tax (IRNR): If you are a foreigner and earn income from renting your property, you will have to pay this tax. It is essential to consult with a local advisor to understand the specifics.

Tax Aspects of the Golden Visa

The Golden Visa not only provides you with residence but also has tax implications:

  • Fiscal Residence: It is crucial to understand that having a Golden Visa does not automatically make you a fiscal resident. However, if you live in a country for more than 183 days a year, you could be considered a fiscal resident and, therefore, subject to taxes on your global income.
  • Tax Benefits: Some countries offer tax incentives to attract investors. These may include tax exemptions or deductions for a specified period. It is important to research and, if possible, take advantage of these incentives.

Tax Deductions and Benefits

Knowing tax deductions and benefits can help maximize your investment:

  • Investment Deductions: In some countries, you may benefit from tax deductions based on the amount you invest in real estate or other assets.
  • Double Taxation Treaties: These treaties are agreements between two countries that aim to prevent the investor from being taxed twice on the same income. For example, if you earn income in country A but are a fiscal resident in country B, a treaty could prevent you from paying taxes in both places.
  • Benefits for Foreign Investors: Certain countries offer additional incentives, such as temporary tax exemptions, to attract foreign capital.

With these points, a solid foundation is established regarding taxes in real estate investment and the tax implications of the Golden Visa. However, it is always advisable to seek advice from experts, such as those at, for detailed and specific guidance based on your individual circumstances.

Tax Obligations When Selling Properties

Selling a property also involves tax obligations that, if ignored, can result in significant penalties. Here are some key considerations:

  • Capital Gains and Losses: When selling a property, you may have to pay taxes on the gains obtained. This figure is determined by subtracting the purchase value from the selling value. If you sell at a higher price, you will need to pay tax on that gain.
  • Non-Resident Withholding: In many countries, if the seller is not a resident, the buyer must withhold a portion of the sale price (usually a fixed percentage) and remit it to the tax authority. This withholding serves as an advance payment of the capital gains tax the seller must pay.
  • Exemptions for Reinvestment: In certain countries, if you reinvest the proceeds from the sale of your primary residence in the purchase of another home, you may be exempt from paying taxes on the gains.

Tax Implications When Renting Properties

Renting properties is another common investment avenue with its own tax considerations:

  • Rental Income Declaration: All income earned from renting must be declared. This includes not only the monthly rent but also other payments the tenant may make, such as community fees or services.
  • Allowable Deductions: Many countries allow deductions for expenses related to the rented property, such as mortgage interest, repairs, maintenance, or insurance. It is essential to maintain detailed records and keep all related receipts.
  • Non-Resident Income Tax: As mentioned earlier, if you are a non-resident and earn income from renting your property, you will need to pay Non-Resident Income Tax. The percentage and details vary by country, so it is essential to be well-informed.
  • VAT on Vacation Rentals: If you decide to rent your property as a vacation rental (by days or weeks, for example), you may be subject to paying VAT on that income, depending on local legislation.

Given the tax complexities involved in real estate investment and the Golden Visa, it is crucial to have proper guidance. Orience offers a guide and specialized services in these matters, ensuring that you fulfill all your obligations and take full advantage of possible benefits.


Understanding the tax aspects of real estate investment and the Golden Visa is crucial. Tax implications can have a significant impact on the return on investment. With the right guide and expert advice from professionals like, investors can confidently navigate the tax landscape and make the most of their investments.

This guide aims to provide a general overview of taxes related to investment and the Golden Visa. However, it is always advisable to consult a tax specialist or professionals like those at Orience for personalized and detailed advice.